The Adair County Cooperative Extension Service will begin its inaugural class of Extension Master Gardeners on Tuesday, April 5, at 5:30 p.m. at the Adair County Cooperative Extension Service. Extension Master Gardeners (EMG) are trained volunteers that assist County Extension Agents (CEA) with educational programming.
EMGs are certified when they have completed the training sessions, homework, passed the comprehensive exam with a minimum score of 75%, and completed 40 hours of volunteer service. Registration for the EMG program in $75 and is due to the Adair County Cooperative Extension Service on April 1.
Registration fees will be used to offset the cost of EMG manuals, supplies for labs, and costs associated with volunteer screening. For more information, contact the Adair County Cooperative Extension Service at (270) 384-2317.
Corn planting season near
Corn planting season is just around the corner. Proper planting is important to minimize yield loss to the crop later in the growing season. It’s not uncommon to see fields experience their greatest yield loss throughout the growing season on the day of planting due to machinery complications or soil conditions. Here are some tips and important considerations as you ready your planters.
Usually, we determine seeding rates based on how likely it is that the soil will have adequate moisture when pollination and seed fill occurs. UK research has shown that when our corn crop has adequate water, higher populations increase yields. Irrigated fields can handle much higher populations, up to 42,000 seeds per acre in 30-inch rows. When the crop lacks water, higher populations hurt yields. Your soil depth should also factor into your seeding rate. Deep soils can handle higher populations of 32,000 to 36,000 seeds per acre. You should use lower seeding rates on shallower soils. If you plant on heavily eroded hillsides, your rate should be less than 26,000 seeds per acre.
Corn should be planted at a uniform depth, typically between 1.5 to 2 inches deep. Uniform planting depth allows for even emergence. Shallow planted corn runs a higher risk for late-season lodging, developing a potassium deficiency and slower development. To that end, make sure your planter’s row closers are fully operational, because if they are not, you could be inadvertently planting shallower than you intended.
In Kentucky in 2019, earlier planted corn did better than corn that was planted late. This was due to the weather turning dry in July and August. Corn that was already into seed fill during the dry period suffered very little from the weather. Ideally, we say wait for dry weather and the proper temperature to plant corn, but we also realize that we would have planted very little corn in 2019 had we waited for ideal weather conditions. Realize if you are planting into wet soils or “mudding in” corn, it increases your risk for sidewall compaction. Compaction restricts root growth and hurts your yields far more than a later planting date. However, if soils continue to be wet throughout much of the spring, consider a spiked-tooth closing wheel and back off the down pressure.
If we are going to plant in riskier conditions, it’s important that we try to reduce our risks up front and be prepared to scout fields for problems as the season progresses. Take the time to make sure your planting equipment and any of its sensors are functioning properly and that you are getting the proper planting depth, closed rows and correct seed placement in each field. Double checking your work takes time, but it could help you avoid potential problems later. Producers who pay attention to details are more likely to end up with better stands.
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